Lumbar discectomy surgery becomes a consideration when individuals experience conditions like herniated discs, a prevalent cause of lower back pain. These discs, acting as cushions between vertebrae, can become damaged, causing the inner gel-like material to push through the disc's outer layer.
This bulging or ruptured disc can then impinge on nearby spinal nerves, resulting in pain, tingling, and muscle weakness. If non-surgical approaches such as physical therapy, medication, and rest don't provide adequate relief, lumbar discectomy might be suggested to alleviate these debilitating symptoms.
Herniated Discs: When the soft inner core of a disc protrudes through its outer layer, it can lead to compression of nearby nerves, causing pain and discomfort. Lumbar discectomy aims to remove the portion of the disc causing the pressure, thus relieving symptoms.
Spinal Stenosis: This condition involves the narrowing of the spinal canal, which houses the spinal cord and nerves. When the space reduces, it can lead to compression of the nerves, resulting in pain and limited mobility. Lumbar discectomy may be recommended to alleviate the pressure and restore functionality.
Degenerative Disc Disease: Over time, the discs between vertebrae can naturally deteriorate due to wear and tear, leading to pain and reduced flexibility. Lumbar discectomy can be employed to address this degeneration, particularly if conservative treatments are ineffective.